April 17, 2014

Family Preparedness

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Effective community emergency preparedness begins in the home through personal and family emergency preparedness and planning. Homes that are not prepared to weather a disaster are not prepared to contribute to community preparedness. Below are a few simple steps that each home and family should take to prepare themselves for a disaster.

72-Hour Emergency Kit

Your 72-Hour Emergency Kit should be individually tailored to meet the basic survival needs of your family for three days to a week. Most families prefer to store their emergency supplies in one location that is relatively safe, yet easily accessible if evacuation is required. Items may be stored in a 32-gallon trash can, suitcase, duffle bag, footlocker, or individual pack.

Emergency supplies should include the following:

Emergency Kit

  • Battery powered radio or TV
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Sleeping bags
  • Blankets (wool & thermal)
  • Manual can opener
  • Essential medications
  • Waterproof/Windproof matches
  • Emergency candles
  • Charcoal/Propane grill
  • Water storage (1 gallon / person / day)
  • Purification tablets
  • Utility Knife
  • Flashlight
  • Extra eyeglasses/lenses
  • Extra clothing
  • Extra batteries
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Extra wood for fireplace

Suggested nonperishable food items: Ready-to-eat goods in unbreakable containers, canned meats, juice, fruits & vegetables, powered milk, infant care foods, crackers, peanut butter, freeze dried food.

Sanitation Kit

  • Plastic bucket w/ tightly fitted lid
  • Plastic bags & ties
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Improvised toilet seat
  • Paper cups & plates
  • Personal toiletries
  • Soap
  • Disinfectant
  • Baby supplies (diapers, wipes, etc.)
  • Shovel
  • Toilet paper
  • Aluminum foil
  • Paper towels
  • Personal & feminine hygienic needs
  • Soap
  • Plastic utensils

Other Emergency Needs

  • Pen and paper
  • Money
  • Address and phone numbers
  • Work gloves
  • Basic tools

Standard First Aid Kit

  • First Aid Manual
  • Aspirin or Pain Relievers
  • Laxatives
  • Rubbing Alcohol
  • Diarrhea Medicine
  • Petroleum Jelly
  • Soap
  • Salt
  • Gauze
  • Band-aid
  • Triangular Bandage (36″x36″x52″)
  • Elastic Bandage
  • Cotton Balls
  • Cotton Swabs
  • Safety Pins
  • Scissors
  • Thermometer
  • Sanitary Napkins (Pressure Dressing)
  • Disposable Diapers (Dressing/ Splint/Padding)
  • Micropore Adhesive
  • Paper Tape
  • Matches
  • Needles
  • Tweezers
  • Small Splints, Popsicle Sticks
  • Heavy String
  • Syrup of Ipecac
  • Individual Medical Needs
  • Baking Soda (1/2 tsp. soda + 1 tsp. salt + 1 qt. water for shock)

Car Survival Kit

  • Always Maintain at Least 1/2 Tank of Gas
  • First Aid Kit & Manual
  • Class ABC Fire Extinguisher
  • Radio & Batteries
  • Non-Perishable Food Stored in Coffee Can
  • Bottled Water
  • Bag of Sand, Shovel & Tools
  • Blankets or Sleeping Bags
  • Short Rubber Hose for Siphoning
  • Sundry Kit,
  • Paper & Pencil
  • Map
  • Tissues
  • Pre-moistened Towels
  • Plastic Bags
  • Essential Medications
  • Flashlights & Batteries
  • Reflectors & Flares
  • Waterproof Matches & Candles
  • Jumper Cables

Copies of All Legal Papers

  • Marriage License
  • House Mortgage
  • Vacation Home / Property Ownership
  • Automotive Ownership
  • Motor Home Ownership
  • Wills
  • Jewelry Appraisals
  • Drivers Licenses
  • Trailers, Snowmobiles, Boat Ownerships
  • Insurance Policies
  • Bank Accounts

Meeting Places

Your family should be prepared to meet again in designated areas after being separated by a disaster. Choose two places:

  1. Somewhere located a safe distance from you home in case of fire.
  2. A place outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home.